光纤激光器与二氧化碳激光器 - 最终指南

纤维激光切割机与二氧化碳激光切割机
纤维激光切割机与二氧化碳激光切割机

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Hello, there dear reader. Are you shopping around or learning about laser machines? If so, I’m sure at a certain point you have stumbled upon the two main types of laser machines out there: CO2 and Fiber laser. And now you’re probably wondering which type of laser machine will be better for you or your business and why. That’s great. Because choosing the wrong type of laser machine can be expensive in time and money for you or your business. Don’t worry because in this post we’re gonna cover everything there is to know about CO2 and fiber laser machines.

My name is17爱游戏官网下载 今天,我将向您展示二氧化碳和光纤激光器之间的区别,哪些最适合您的业务或项目。

很少的市场背景nd

So far, CO2 (carbon dioxide) laser machines, are the most widely used laser machines in the market. That’s because they have been in the market for a longer time than fiber laser machines and they are cheaper to buy at first.

即使纤维激光器在市场上是新的,但它们的受欢迎程度仍在迅速增长。并有充分的理由。

在某个时刻,纤维激光器是公园里的新孩子,其性能不如二氧化碳激光器。不过,现在,光纤激光器不仅赶上了二氧化碳激光机的性能,而且现在甚至超过了某些区域的性能。与二氧化碳激光器相比,人们购买的纤维激光器机器现在甚至更多。

二氧化碳激光器机器尚未退出游戏。您仍然有一些原因可能要购买二氧化碳激光器。因为有些事情纤维激光器无法做到二氧化碳机器。还有一些原因,您可能想通过CO2激光器购买纤维激光器。这完全取决于您的需求。

Let’s dig in and see what are the major differences between these two machines and which one is right for your business.

什么材料Can CO2 Lasers And Fiber Lasers Cut?

二氧化碳激光器的好处是,它们可以使用多种材料。它们可以与金属和有机材料(非金属)一起使用。有机材料是木材,丙烯酸,塑料,橡胶,皮革等。纤维激光器主要与金属一起使用。

二氧化碳激光器无法与各种金属一起使用。那是因为某些金属本质上具有很高的反射性。通过反思性,我的意思是这些金属能够反射(倒退)光/激光器。这就像将手电筒指向镜子一样,灯光会反射给您。铝,铜,金,黄铜,银等金属具有高度反射性。如果将光反射回激光机,它将损坏它的费用高达数千美元!因此,请确保您三倍检查您购买的激光器是否可以使用所需的材料,而不会造成任何损坏。二氧化碳激光器的激光束很容易被高度反射金属反射回。纤维激光器的激光束具有较低的光束频率,这基本上意味着它可以更容易吸收,并且不会被反射金属反射。

(In reality, pretty much all metals are reflective in nature. It’s just that some are much more reflective than others.)

The shorter wavelength from fiber lasers might be able to work with all kinds of metals pretty well, but works poorly with organic/non-metallic materials. CO2 machines on the other hand can work with organic materials like wood or plastic. If fiber lasers were to be used on wood it can cause a fire. If It were to be used on plastic, it can melt it.

只要有足够的功率(瓦​​特),二氧化碳激光器就可以与金属一起使用。您需要大约25-150瓦来雕刻钢和大约300瓦的东西才能切割它。二氧化碳激光器还需要使用氧气作为支撑,以便能够切割这些金属。请注意,雕刻/标记材料与切割它们所需的功率(瓦​​数)所需的功率更少。

我做了一个列表的二氧化碳和光纤激光器材料machines can work with. I highly suggest you double/triple check online and with the business you’re buying from, that the laser machine you’re buying is compatible with the materials you want to cut.

材料CO2 laser cutters can work with:

  • 木头
  • 丙烯酸纤维
  • Brick
  • 织物
  • 德林
  • 皮革
  • Marble
  • Matte Board
  • 三聚氰胺
  • Paper
  • 薄膜
  • 板板
  • Rubber
  • 木材贴面
  • Fiberglass
  • Painted Metals
  • Plastic
  • Cork
  • Corian
  • Anodized Aluminium

材料fiber laser can work with:

  • Tungsten
  • 碳化物
  • 非症状陶瓷
  • 铬合金
  • 涂层金属
  • Fiberglass
  • Carbon fiber
  • 塑料
  • 聚合物
  • Rubber
  • 金子
  • 不锈钢

购买和运营多少钱?

购买激光机时,弄清楚overall cost您想知道是否要进行明智的投资。整体成本意味着您购买的激光器成本是多少,以及随着时间的推移操作和维护/维修的成本。

The initial/upfront cost of fiber laser machines today is higher than that of CO2 laser machines. High-end fiber laser machines usually start at 40,000 dollars. CO2 high-end machines usually start at 10,000 dollars. Fiber laser machines, in general, will very likely cost more than CO2 machines with the same stats and features like power (watts), size, speed, and so on.

The initial/upfront cost is just part of the equation when figuring out how much a laser machine will cost you. You also need to consider how much will it cost to operate, maintain, and repair the laser machine. Some people make the mistake of only looking at the initial price of a laser machine but forget to calculate the cost to operate. maintain, and repair the laser machine over time. Don’t make this mistake, especially if you’re gonna be using the laser machine a lot.

Figuring Out The Overall Cost

通常,二氧化碳激光器的整体成本比纤维激光机随着时间的流逝而多。在计算激光机的整体成本时,需要考虑以下几件事:

  • Consumables:CO2 laser machines need gas (such as oxygen or nitrogen) to operate while fiber laser doesn’t. (Fiber lasers can use gas to get better cut quality).
  • 能量消耗:纤维激光切割器的能源效率是CO2激光器的三倍。这基本上意味着纤维激光器使用的电力减少了3倍,以切割相同的东西。
  • Maintenance/cleaning of parts:CO2 lasers have parts like mirrors, turbines, and water tanks that need to be cleaned and serviced. If they’re not, they can break down and cost you money in repairs. So make sure you remember to attend to the needs of your laser machines. It can save you a lot of money in the long run.
  • 维修:二氧化碳激光器的零件比纤维激光器更有可能分解。据估计,纤维激光器大约需要50,000至100,000小时才能使大约20,000小时的二氧化碳失败。纤维激光切割器是您所说的固态机器(几乎全部)。这意味着他们没有活动部件。因此,分解或无法正常工作的机会要低得多。
  • 寿命:每台机器最终都会崩溃……一般而言,高端二氧化碳激光器持续使用约10 - 15年。纤维可以持续两倍,即使不是3次。

在尝试计算您选择的激光机类型的成本时,请记住要记住这些要点。如果您不太切割材料,需要切割非金属的东西,例如木材或丙烯酸,那么二氧化碳机器将是您的最佳选择。如果您需要削减大量金属,尤其是薄金属,那么纤维激光器可能是您的最佳选择。

您还需要考虑还有一件事可以在整个激光器中发挥作用。那是时间。你知道他们在说什么,时间是金钱。激光机的工作速度多快可以在您的投资价值中发挥重要作用。

切割速度- 您的激光可以削减多快?

通常,在切割薄(0-5mm或1/4英寸)金属时,纤维激光器更快。2kW纤维激光器可以像4-5kW CO2激光器一样快速切割薄材料。而且,如果纤维激光器具有与二氧化碳机器相同的功率,则它将比同一二氧化碳机器快2-5倍。这是因为由于其真正短的波长,它正在使用的金属可以更轻松地吸收纤维激光器的激光器。此外,纤维激光器的功率密度非常高。这基本上意味着他们可以在一个位置传递大量功率,这意味着纤维激光器可以切入薄薄的东西,例如通过黄油的热锋刀。

CO2 laser machines seem better at cutting thicker metals that are 5mm and over. It seems like a longer wavelength of the laser is better at piercing through thick metal than the shorter wavelength that fiber lasers have. The long-wavelength works like a long sharp saw while the short wavelength works like a really sharp needle or drill. The really long sharp saw will be better at cutting thick stuff while a really sharp needle/drill will work better at piercing through thin stuff faster.

降低质量 - 您希望边缘的光滑如何?

二氧化碳激光器在切割方面具有的优点是,它们的前沿质量(清晰度/优质边缘)在材料中的各种厚度中保持一致。这意味着,当您切成薄或厚的材料时,您无需担心边缘看起来不好。纤维激光器努力进行一致的切割,因为材料变厚。

Keep in mind that as time passes by, fiber laser machines are getting better. Today, the cut quality of fiber lasers in thickness is not so bad as back in the early days of fiber lasers. If you really want to get into fiber lasers but are worried about the cut quality, you should get the company you’re buying from to show you a demo.17爱游戏官网下载 ,,,,我们就是这样。任何当地的人都可以让他们走进去,以便我们可以减少他们可能需要的样本。这使我们的客户保证我们的机器将能够成功剪裁所需的产品。

Safety- 您应该寻找什么?

纤维激光器激光器具有一个波长,对您的身体和眼睛可能会更加危险。使用纤维激光器时,您需要保护眼睛。这并不意味着您在二氧化碳机器工作时不应该这样做。二氧化碳机器可能同样危险。因此,请务必确保戴眼睛保护,并远离激光100%。这不是玩玩具。

Points To Consider当Buying A CO2 VS Fiber Laser Machine:

  1. Based on data I found online, the average cost of CO2 laser per day is $12.73/hour for a 4kW CO2 laser cutter. The average cost for a 4kW fiber laser cutter is $6.24/hour.
  2. 纤维激光器的主要用途是切割薄金属(0 - 5mm)和金属标记,雕刻,退火,蚀刻甚至挥舞。
  3. 二氧化碳激光器是切割,标记,雕刻多种非金属材料的理想选择,包括塑料,纺织品,玻璃,丙烯酸,木材,甚至石头。
  4. Fiber laser machines take up less space than CO2 laser machines. CO2laser machines require gas storage tanks, pumps, and pipes. Fiber machines are far more compact, by comparison.

结论 - 那么……您应该得到哪一个?

太…。您应该得到什么样的激光器?二氧化碳还是纤维?这完全取决于您的业务需求。(查看这篇文章,我在这里谈论如何在购买激光切割机之前弄清楚您对业务的要求)

If you’re gonna be cutting/engraving organic or non-metallic materials, then you will off course go look for a CO2 laser cutting machine.

如果您的大部分生产都将处理薄金属,则可以考虑投资于纤维激光器。使用纤维激光器,您的生产将更快,并且您的加班费将不如二氧化碳激光器那样高。另外,如果您要处理反光金属(铝,铜,黄铜,银,金),那么纤维激光是可以选择的。

我看到人们认为的一件事是,他们会首先购买二氧化碳激光机,因为它们的产量较低,并且可能需要使用各种材料来使用。然后,一旦金属产量增加,他们将获得纤维激光器以跟上。这可能是您想做的。

最后一件事。在购买机器之前,请确保您始终将其翻倍甚至三倍检查其他在线资源。另外,与您购买的业务进行双重和三重检查,以查看您购买的机器是否满足您的业务需求。感谢您的阅读,并希望您为您的业务选择最好的机器。

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